Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Displacement Crisis In Iraq, When Will People Go Home?


The International Organization for Migration (IOM) recently released two reports detailing the continued displacement crisis in Iraq. The IOM is the major organization dealing with this issue in conjunction with the United Nations and the Iraqi government. Since the end of 2016, thousands of people started returning to their homes. Those remaining however, are facing a series of difficulties that may keep them from going back for the foreseeable future.

This Day In Iraqi History – Dec 12


1922 Sir Herbert Samule proposed UK create Arab state of Iraq Hijaz Palestine
            Trans-Jordan maybe Najd
1932 Shiite leaders told Yasin Hashemi they would back him for PM if they got
            majority of cabinet posts
1973 Govt offered new autonomy plan for Kurds but rejected by Mustafa
            Barzani and KDP
1982 Iran attacked Qasr e-Shirin central Iran
1983 Iraq fired missiles at 6 Iranian cities killing 24 and wounding 283
1996 Uday Hussein seriously injured in assassination attempt in Baghdad by Nahdah
            opposition group
2001 Gen Franks briefed Rumsfeld on invasion preparations and estimated costs with
            start time in spring 2002
2003 US Special Forces captured Mohammed Musslit who led them to Saddam
2003 CPA adv Diamond told Rice that US should include UN in CPA’s plans to create
            new Iraqi govt Could alleviate Sistani’s demands for elections
2003 Pentagon audit found Halliburton overcharged $61 mil for delivering fuel to Iraq
2003 US guards at Abu Ghraib prison took pictures of themselves abusing Iraqi prisoners
2005 DIA report Insurgents recruiting networking training in prisons Could be
            more dangerous after release
2005 Rumsfeld told US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey and US Iraq Amb Khalizad insurgents
            networking in Iraqi jails
2005 Report early 05 Islamist insurgents met with Al Qaeda in Iraq asking for a joint
            command Al Qaeda in Iraq said no wanting control
2006 Bush told NSC he was not going to announce Surge until Jan 07 Wanted new
            DefSec Gates in office
2009 Iraq held second auction for international oil companies to bid on its oil fields
2009 Blair said he would still have removed Saddam without WMD and that
            Saddam was a threat to world no matter what
2009 Maliki questioned by parliament over Baghdad bombings starting in August
            MPs complained about lack of coordination by ISF
2012 Diyala council voted to hold a referendum on turning province into a
            region
2013 Iraq signed $1.1 bil deal to buy 24 FA-50 light fighter jets from South Korea


Monday, December 11, 2017

Iraq’s PM Abadi’s Second Chance To Be Something More Than A War Leader



Abadi at victory parade in Baghdad Dec 2017 (Iraq Prime Minister Office)

Prime Minister Haidar Abadi is riding high off the recent victory over the Islamic State. The group no longer holds any towns or cities in Iraq, and the premier made an official announcement of their defeat and held a victory parade in Baghdad to celebrate. The war has made the premier vastly popular with the public as recent opinion polls show. Abadi now has the chance to prove himself as a politician who can handle non-war matters a second time after failing miserably when he first entered office.

This Day In Iraqi History – Dec 11


1922 UK Colonial Office wrote only reason King Faisal accepted in Iraq was because
            he was backed by British
1961 Gen Qasim took 99.5% of Iraq Petroleum Companys concessions and
            created Iraq National Oil Company
2002 Pentagon started another post-war planning group just 3 months before invasion
2005 Report French intel told CIA several times in 2002 that no evidence to support Iraq-
            Niger uranium story
2005 National Dialogue Council’s Salah al-Mutlaq called for US to bring back Saddam
            era police and soldiers as long as didn’t have blood on their hands
2006 Outside experts told Bush status quo and withdrawal plan not working in Iraq
2006 Ret Gen Keane told Bush US needed troop surge that would protect civilians using
            counterinsurgency
2011 Human Rights Min found mass grave in Basra from Saddam era


Sunday, December 10, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 10


1949 Ali Aiyubi became premier of Iraq for 2nd time
1981 Report that Soviet Union resumed arms deliveries to Iraq after ban when Iran-Iraq War started
1983 Dawa members including Abu Muhandis set off 5 bombs at US and French embassies and 
           other targets in Kuwait killing 6 wounding 80
1996 Oil for Food program started operating in Iraq
1999 UN Res 1281 extended Oil for Food Program for Iraq
2001 Ansar al-Islam formed from 3 Kurdish Islamist groups
2002 USAID said Iraq would be small intervention but security needed to be first priority
2002 NSC committee presented humanitarian plan for postwar Iraq based upon
            secure environment and small US role
2002 IAEA went to Al Qaim facility US claimed was an active Iraqi nuclear plant
            Found it destroyed
2003 CPA presented list of 1,706 priority projects US and Iraq didn’t have money
            for all of them
2003 US asked France Germany Russia to forgive some of the debt Iraq owed them
2003 Russia refused US request to forgive its Iraq debt after US banned it from
            bidding on reconstruction projects
2007 Def Sec Gates told NSC that Pres Tabalni told him Maliki was intolerable and
            US should help remove him

 View the Iraq History Timeline 

Musings On Iraq In The News

I was quoted by Paul Iddon in "Terror and Murder - Islamic State Switches to an Insurgency in Iraq" for War Is Boring.

Saturday, December 9, 2017

Security In Iraq, Dec 1-7, 2017


For 17 straight weeks Iraq has had less than 100 security incidents reported per week. During the first seven days of December there were just 59 Incidents the same amount as the last full week of November. There were 252 reported deaths, but 202 of those were from several mass graves in Ninewa, meaning there were only 50 violent deaths and another 61 injured mentioned in the media.

This Day In Iraqi History – Dec 9


1914 Ottomans defeated by British at Battle of Qurna and surrendered Basra
province
1958 Former PM Rashid Ali al-Gaylani arrested by Gen Qasim for plotting a coup
1985 Saudis announced attempts at talks with Iran to end Iran-Iraq War failed
2001 VP Cheney said story 9/11 hijacker Atta met with Iraq intel officer in Prague was
            pretty much confirmed
2001 Cheney told NBC Iraq hosting terrorists and developing WMD
2002 UK Foreign Office legal adv Sir Wood wrote paper saying UN Resolution 1441
            did not authorize war with Iraq
2002 UK Foreign Office officially asked Attny Gen Lord Goldsmith for legal
            advice on whether 2nd UN resolution needed to use force against Iraq
2002 Blair ForPolAdv Manning MI6 head Dearlove met NatlSecAdv Rice Said start 03
            US would go to UN and argue for military action vs Iraq
2002 UN inspectors found Fallujah II chlorine plant out of service US listed it as WMD
            site
2003 Suicide Car bomb on Mosul camp wounded 41 US troops and 6 Iraqi civilians
2004 22 parties including Dawa SCIRI Sadrists INC announced formation of United
            Iraqi Alliance for Jan 2005 elections Ayatollah Sistani helped form list
2004 Iraqi Islamic Party submitted 275 candidates for Jan 2005 elections Would be
            only major Sunni party to participate
2004 Bush told families his govt was getting best equipment for US troops in Iraq after
            Rumsfeld downplayed complaints
2005 Report Al Qaeda’s Libi’s intel about Iraq-Al Qaeda ties that proved false was
            acquired while he was being tortured by Egyptians
2005 Report Feb 02 DIA was skeptical of Al Qaeda’s Libi’s intel on Iraq-Al Qaeda ties
            because he was being held in Egypt
2005 United Iraqi Alliance breaking up into factions after elections Complaints that it
            hadn’t presented a vision for Iraq because not using qualified people
2006 NSC meeting US Cmdr Iraq Gen Casey told Bush Maliki agreed to go after
            militias that broke law


Friday, December 8, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 8


1985 Saudis announced attempt to end the Iran-Iraq War through dialogue with Tehran
2002 Iraq admitted that it was close to building a nuclear bomb but was abandoned a
            long time ago
2002 Gen Thurman and McKiernan went to Gen Franks and asked for more
            troops for Iraq invasion
2003 Bremer told Gingrich’s criticism of CPA and situation in Iraq were wrong and he
            should visit country
2004 In Kuwait after being questioned about lack of up to date equipment for US troops
            in Iraq Rumsfeld said “You go to war with the army you have”
2005 Bin Laden’s Pakistani biographer quoted in Osama bin Laden I Know book said
            bin Laden hated Saddam
2006 NSC meeting SecState Rice pushed for not getting involved in civil war and
            pushing Iraqis to do more
2006 NSC meeting Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said US forces could not stand by
            during Iraq civil war
2006 Bush told NSC that US couldn’t wait for Iraqis to do more US had to act to
            reduce violence
2009 ISI set off 5 car bombs hit Finance, Justice and Foreign Ministries in Baghdad
            killing 127 448 wounded 3rd mass bombing in Baghdad over short span

Thursday, December 7, 2017

How Arguments Over Iraq Invasion Plan Were Fought Through Press Leaks


On November 21, 2001, President Bush asked Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld to start revising the war plan for Iraq. Rumsfeld was unhappy with the plan because it was largely a replay of the 1991 Gulf War. The Pentagon chief believed the war could be implemented much more quickly and with a smaller force than the hundreds of thousands the military wanted. This caused a large controversy within the Defense Department, which spilled over to the rest of the administration and ex-military men as well. Tensions grew so high that Rumsfelds supporters and critics began leaking highly detailed elements of the war strategy to the press to try to win points for their side.

This Day In Iraqi History – Dec 7


1915 Battle of Kut began with Ottoman forces arriving at city after they lost Battle of Ctesiphon
1980 Saddam announced that Iraq was going on the defensive in the Iran-Iraq War
1980 Saddam thought he could seize Khuzistan province leading to revolt against Khomeini
            govt but didnt happen
1981 Iran freed Bostan and forced an Iraqi retreat
2002 TV speech Saddam apologized to people of Kuwait for 1990 invasion
2002 Iraq gave its WMD and nuclear weapons declaration to UN as part of new inspections
            claiming it had no WMD
2002 Iraqi general claimed weapons declaration proved Iraq had no WMD
2002 US and UK condemn Iraqs weapons declaration as being complete and denying it had
            WMD
2002 Cheney told NSC Iraqs weapons declaration was a material breach and Bush should move
            towards war
2002 Cheney said Powell and UN wanted to use inspections to avoid war with Iraq
2002 Rumsfeld and Rice didnt think Iraqs weapons declaration was a material breach
2003 Gingrich went on offensive against CPA saying US shouldve given over sovereignty to
            Iraq early on like in Afghanistan
2003 Report US forces using collective punishment Blowing up homes of suspected
            insurgents Putting barbed wire around towns
2004 Number of US troops killed in combat in Iraq reached 1000 after soldier shot in Baghdad
2004 Report Nov 04 CIA said security deteriorating Iraqi govt had to assert authority
            and rebuild economy
2005 KDP backers attacked PUK offices in Dohuk Zakho Amedia Shaklaca Kadash
            Sedarash Akre 3 killed including a KDP candidate
2005 KDP followers set PUK office in Dohuk on fire wounding 21


Wednesday, December 6, 2017

Security Trends In Iraq 2017


In most of Iraq security has steadily improved throughout 2017. That has resulted in the lowest number of incidents seen since the 2003 invasion. From January to November 2017, the six most violent provinces in the country only experienced an average of 2.5 incidents per day. That was down from an average of 3.2 in 2016. In Anbar, incidents plateaued for most of 2017 at 1.3 incidents per day before dropping off from October to November going down to 1.0 and 0.8 respectively. Baghdad saw a huge drop in incidents from 5.9 per day in January, down to 2.6 in June before a slight rise to 3.3 in July before going back down to 2.4 in October, and then 2.8 in November. In Diyala, the Islamic State attempted a slight comeback starting in the spring. That saw incidents go from 1.9 in March up to 2.0 in June before declining to 0.6 in October and then rising again to 1.3 in November. Incidents in Kirkuk were low for the first half of the year at less than 1 per day, went up slightly during the summer, and then saw a sharp increase at the end of the year when the federal government sent in forces leading to clashes with the Peshmerga. Ninewa witnessed the end of the Mosul battle, which led to incidents going from a high of 14.7 per day in March down to 2 per day from September to November. Salahaddin was the other governorate where IS was regrouping. That led to a slight jump in incidents during the year, specifically April, June, July, and September before going down at the end of the year. Even then there were never more than 1.3 incidents per day after January. Overall, that has led to a sharp decline in incidents in Iraq. In January, there were 23.1 incidents per day. By November that was down to 9.8.  

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 6


1914 British forces attacked Qurna 2nd time and forced Turks to surrender Took
            1,000 prisoners
1990 Iraq began issuing passports for Iranians to visit Shiites shrines in Iraq
1990 Iraq announced it would release foreign nationals it held since Kuwait invasion
2001 Letter to Wash Post by Senators McCain Lieberman and others said that Iraq
            had to be eliminated
2002 White House accused Iraq of hiding WMDs from UN inspectors
2002 Official US troop buildup for Iraq invasion began Wasn’t made public until Feb 03
2003 Bremer’s convoy attacked on Route Irish to Baghdad airport
2003 Rumsfeld told Bremer Rice was trying to take over political file on Iraq Didn’t
            agree but was ceding role to her
2005 KDP followers attacked four offices of Kurdistan Islamic Union in Dohuk province
            Killed 2 wounded dozens for party withdrawing from Kurdish list
2005 KDP Dohuk govenror claimed Islamic Union’s ideology led to attacks and he
            couldn’t stop them
2005 Beforehand Islamic Union called KDP admin in Dohuk corrupt and said election
            would be struggle between Muslims and nonbelievers
2005 Beforehand KDP attacked Islamic Union for helping Arabs against Kurds
2006 Iraq Study Group released report calling for US withdrawal from Iraq Did
            include surge option
2012 US mediated withdrawal of federal and Kurdish forces from Tuz Kharmato and
            creation of local security forces along disputed areas
2012 US-Baghdad-Irbil agreement on security forces in disputed areas only partially
            implemented

View the Iraq History Timeline

Tuesday, December 5, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 5


1940 US Amb to Iraq sent not to PM Gaylani saying he was worried about direction
            of Iraq-English relations because of Gaylani’s overtures to the Axis
2000 UN Res 1330 renewed Oil for Food Program for Iraq
2002 White House spokesman said Bush and Rumsfeld wouldn't claim Iraq had WMD
            if it wasn't true
2002 Rumsfeld aid Herbits said he was taking over postwar Iraq planning because it
            was a mess
2002 UnderSecDef Feith’s office was supposed to do postwar Iraq planning Herbits
            said he was screwing up
2002 Report Tuwaitha nuclear facility showed no signs of involvement in weapons
            program
2003 Pentagon banned France, Germany, Russia and other countries that opposed war
            from bidding on reconstruction projects in Iraq
2003 US Air Force intel report Iran greatest threat to long term US influence in Iraq
2004 Suicide car bomb at police station at main gate to Green Zone killed 7 wounded
            50
2005 Report US forces trying new Clear Hold Build in Husaiba Anbar Iraqis seemed
            disorganized leaving US to do most things 

Musings On Iraq In The News


I was quoted by Patrick Cockburn in Theres no such thing as precise air strikes in modern warfare just look at the civilian casualties in Iraq and Syria for the Independent, and by Paul Iddon in "After Islamic State, Baghdad cannot govern Iraq from centre" for Al Araby and in "Can Abadi reel in the Hashd al-Shaabi before May elections" in Rudaw. I was cited by Jessa Rose Dury-Agri, Omer Kassim, and Patrick Martin in Iraqi Security Forces And Popular Mobilization Forces: Orders Of Battle for the Institute for the Study of War.

Monday, December 4, 2017

1,282 Dead and 425 Wounded In Iraq, November 2017


Iraq is witnessing the lowest levels of violence since the overthrow of the Saddam regime in 2003. The Islamic State is on the run and regrouping and barely carrying out operations anymore. The insurgents are most active in Baghdad and Ninewa, and even there are only carrying out on average of about 2 attacks per day. In the other major provinces where the group maintains a presence, Anbar, Diyala, Kirkuk and Salahaddin there is only an average of around 1 incident per day.

This Day In Iraqi History – Dec 4


1924 UK High Comm for Iraq Dobbs said King Faisal was a foreigner in Iraq Had
            no support
1997 UN Res 1143 extended Oil for Food Program for 3rd time
2001 Gen Franks briefed Rumsfeld and Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen Meyers on
            revised Iraq invasion plan
2001 Franks revised 1990s Op Plan 1003 Cut troops from 500,000 to 400,000 to
            be deployed in 6 instead of 7 months
2001 Franks said couldn't’ scrap Op Plan 1003 because never knew what it would
            be needed
2001 Franks said would take a long time to revise Iraq war plan
2001 Rumsfeld said Afghanistan showed US didn’t need such a large and long
            invasion plan for Iraq
2001 Rumsfeld wanted a battle plan that could be executed in a very short time
            not months
2001 Franks agreed with Rumsfeld but said Op Plan 1003 only thing they had
            at moment
2001 Rumsfeld told Gen Franks goal of any military action against Iraq would
            be removing Saddam
2001 Franks given one week to revise plan Angry that Rumsfeld went from plan
            not important to it being urgent
2001 Blair told Bush Iraq was a threat because it had WMD could export it and
            violated UN resolutions
2001 Blair paper to Bush said that they had to consider regime change in Iraq
2002 UN Res 1447 extended Oil for Food program
2004 PM Allawi attacked while visiting Imam Ali shrine in Najaf
2005 Report 1500 suspects arrested around Ramadi in last five months all Iraqis not
            foreigners like White House claiming


Sunday, December 3, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 3


1914 Start of Battle of Qurna between British and Ottoman forces with the British
            attacking but beaten back
1915 British expeditionary force driven back to Kut, Wasit after losing Battle of
Ctesiphon to Ottomans
1967 Arif govt issued new press law restricting freedom of the media
1996 Iran admitted to Iraq smuggling oil through its territory violating UN sanctions
            and promises action against it
1999 UN Res 1280 extended Oil for Food program
2001 Blair told Bush he was not opposed to removing Saddam
2002 Iraq officials cooperated with UN inspectors at surprise search of one of Saddam’s
            Baghdad palaces
2004 3 members of Ansar al-Islam arrested for planning to assassinate PM Allawi
2004 Bush called speech writer Gerson saying he wanted to change US foreign policy
            to promoting democracy Iraq at forefront
2008 Presidential Council passed Status of Forces Agreement with US setting
withdrawal date for US forces 12/31/11

View the Iraq History Timeline

Saturday, December 2, 2017

This Day In Iraqi History - Dec 2


1920 US Consul in Baghdad said England hadn’t taken any serious steps to create
            an independent Iraqi govt
1928 UK High Comm for Iraq Dobbs wrote conscription in Iraq would
            cause revolt Was already problem in Basra
1928 Dobbs said authority of Iraqi govt depended upon British backing and military
            might
1932 King Faisal speech praised his rule in Syria Said if he was still king there
            Syria would be independent like Iraq
1948 Baghdad told oil companies they should not employ Jews after creation
            of Israel
1980 Saddam accused US of helping Iran during Iran-Iraq war
2001 Sec of State Powell said no reason to believe Iraq didn’t have WMD
2001 USA Today article said Iraq supported bin Laden when he was in Sudan in 1990s
2001 Ex-CIA Dir Woolsey said he believed Iraq involved in 9/11
2002 Bush Cheney DepSecDef Wolfowtiz gave speeches across US saying that
            Iraq would not cooperate with weapons inspectors
2002 White House spokesman said if Saddam said he had no WMD proved he was lying If
            he said he had WMD he violated UN resolutions
2002 White House spokesman said Iraq bought aluminum tubes for its nuke program
2002 White House officials told US News & World Report they were making extensive
            plans for postwar Iraq
2002 UK issued dossier on human rights abuses in Iraq Amnesty Intl attacked report as
            opportunistic and selective
2003 Dep Sec State Armitage said that U.S. should not oppose Sistani who was
            pushing for elections for new Iraq parliament
2005 Rumsfeld told CENTCOM Cmdr Gen Abizaid US Iraq Cmdr Gen Casey
            CIA found insurgents infiltrating Iraqi army in Anbar
2005 Gen Dempsey in charge of US training mission for ISF said 100 Iraqi army
            battalions 33 operating on own 40 in the lead
2005 Gen Dempsey said 27 Federal Police battalions on duty
2005 Gen Dempsey said major problem was police were recruited locally and many were
            from militias
2011 mobs attacked Christian and Yazidi businesses in several towns in Dohuk
province

 View the Iraq History Timeline

Friday, December 1, 2017

Hashd Preparing To Participate In Iraq’s 2018 Elections


There were two reports that various Hashd factions were forming a list to run in the 2018 elections. The new group might be called the Mujahedeen Alliance and consist of Badr, Asaib Ahl Al-Haq, Harakat al-Nujaba, Kataib Hezbollah, Saraya Khorasani, Imam Ali Brigades, and several others, along with Sunni tribal forces from western Iraq. Former spokesman for the Hashd Ahmed al-Asadi recently resigned that position so he can reportedly join this list. Hadi Amiri of Badr might be the leader of the group, and throw in his hat for the premiership. He hinted at this alliance as far back as June. Badr was part of State of Law during the last elections in 2014, but recently announced that would be forming its own coalition. (1) The Hashd are widely popular for their fighting and sacrifices in the war against the Islamic State. Its been widely expected that they would try to turn their prowess on the battlefield into victory at the ballot box. As the war progressed, several Sunni Hashd were also formed with many aligned with Shiite ones because of the weapons and funds that came along with it. That explains why some might be willing to run together with units that are aligned with Iran.

This Day In Iraqi History – Dec 1


1918 UK PM George asked Fr PM Clemenceau to renegotiate Sykes-Picot
            giving Mosul to British
1918 England got France to agree to give it most of Mosul in return France got stake in
            Iraqi oil and Syria
1971 Iraq broke relations with Iran and UK, expelled Iranian nationals turned to
            Soviet Union for support
1971 Iraq arguing with Iran over Shatt al-Arab and Tehran funding and arming Kurds
            in alliance with US and Israel
1987 Iran attacked Fakeh area north of Basra
1997 Weekly Standard special issue on removing Saddam featuring neoconservative
            writers like Wolfowitz Khalilzad Kagan
2000 UK Intel report Iraq contained but if sanctions ended Saddam would start
            rebuilding WMD programs
2001 Rumsfeld issued order to Joint Chiefs to begin revising war planning for Iraq
2001 CENTCOM cmdr Gen Franks was only given 3 days to revise Iraq war plan
            and present it to Rumsfeld
2001 NY Times article quoted DepSecState Armitage saying US was going to force Iraq
            to allow UN inspectors to return
2001 NY Times article said White House looking into options to support Iraqi
opposition groups
2003 Iraq physicist book claimed Iraq never rebuilt nuclear program after 90s and US
            exaggerated threat
2003 Report Iraqi scientists said Saddam never close to building a nuclear bomb
2004 KDP and PUK announced Kurdistan Coalition for Jan 2005 elections
2004 Report Army warned Dec 03 that military-CIA Task Force 121searching for
            WMD abused Iraq prisoners
2004 US announced it would increase troops from 138,000 to 150,000 for Jan 2005
            elections
2005 Kurdistan Islamic Union sent letter to Dohuk govt saying they wanted security for
            planned KDP demonstrations at their offices


Thursday, November 30, 2017

Security In Iraq, Nov 22-28, 2017


Violence remained at a minimal level in Iraq for another week. The government forces were sweeping through western Anbar, but the Islamic State was not putting up a fight. That was true in most of the country as well. Several mass graves were discovered raising the casualty figures.

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 30


1920 British said all of its colonial offices were under control of Iraq council of state
1980 Iranian air force attacked Iraqs nuclear reactor at Tuwaitha and Fao Peninsula in Basra
2001 Rumsfed told press US knew Iraq had WMD because defectors told them so
2003 US soldiers repelled 3 ambushes on convoy in Samarra Iraqis later claimed US fired
            indiscriminately killing civilians
2003 Senior CIA analyst said 2002 Nat Intel Est on Iraqs WMD lacked specifics on the programs
2004 Report War mismanagement sanctions since 1980s destroyed Iraqs health care system
2005 Aide to PM Jaafari wanted to know whether KRG signing oil deal with was DNO
            constitutional
2005 White House released National Strategy for Victory in Iraq Lacked any substance
            on what strategy was
2005 Bush speech went over new National Strategy for Victory in Iraq Said goal was to
            train Iraqi forces to take over war
2005 Pentagon contracted Lincoln Group to place pro-US stories in Arab media about Iraq
2006 Bush met Maliki Maliki said he wanted more control over ISF and command
            over them Bush said no
2006 Bush told Maliki he had lost control of Baghdad and about to lose Iraq Maliki
            agreed
2006 Bush told Maliki US was going to have troop surge Maliki had to back it and
            agree to reconciliation Maliki said yes
2006 Sadr withdrew ministers from Malikis cabinet to protest Malikis meeting with Bush


Wednesday, November 29, 2017

Maliki’s 2011 Meeting With Obama, Mishaps Between Governments


In December 2011, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki travelled to Washington D.C. for a meeting with President Barak Obama. The State Department was hoping this would be a great symbolic get together of Iraq and the United States. Unfortunately, Maliki was not in the mood, and complained about his fears of Sunni states and Baathists and what the Americans were doing about them. This was just one of many mishaps between the two governments.

This Day In Iraqi History – Nov 29


1927 UK For Sec Chamberlain told King Faisal talks over Anglo-Iraq Treaty
            should be delayed for two years and Faisal would have to run Iraq on his own
1927 British knew Faisal afraid of potential unrest and were trying to intimidate him
            during negotiations over new treaty Tactic worked
1934 Border dispute between Iraq and Persia escalated
1980 Iranian marines destroyed Mina al Bakr and Khor al Amaya oil terminals
            in Iraq
1980 Iranian attack on Iraqi oil facilities in Basra cut exports from 3.24 mil/bar/day to
            550,000 bar/day
1981 Iran started Op Jerusalem Way in Khuzestan province Was start of human wave
            attacks
1990 UN Resolution 678 gave Iraq until 1/15/91 to withdraw from Kuwait
2001 UN Res 1382 extended Oil for Food program
2001 Amer Enterprise Institute panel said Saddam had to be removed before US
            could confront radical Islam
2002 UK Defense Min told Blair that US still had no political strategy for Iraq
2002 American Enterprise Inst group of experts started work on paper on what U.S.
            facing after 9/11 Would focus on Iraq
2003 Insurgent attacks killed 7 Spanish intelligence officers and 2 Japanese diplomats
            in Iraq
2004 Bush told NSC January 2005 Iraqi election had to happen on time
2005 Rumsfeld told press “insurgent” should no longer be used when reporting on Iraq
2005 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace talked to press and used word “insurgent” in briefing
            on situation in Iraq
2005 Rumsfeld said US forces had no responsibility to report torture and abuse by Iraqi
            forces
2005 Joint Chiefs head Gen Pace said US absolutely had to report any abuse and torture
            it witnessed by Iraqi forces
2005 Report Badr infiltrated Interior Min Mahdi Army regular police Both carrying out
            extrajudicial killings torture abuse
2005 Interior Min Inspector General said police carrying out extrajudicial killings
2005 Ceremony for DNO to start drilling for oil at field in Zakho


Tuesday, November 28, 2017

Baghdad-Irbil Talks Stalled


Talks between the federal and Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) have deadlocked over the last few weeks. After Baghdad moved its forces into Kirkuk and other disputed territories in October 2017, which led to several gun battles, the two sides moved onto negotiations mediated by the United States. No progress has been made however due to a number of issues with no breakthrough appearing on the horizon.  

This Day In Iraqi History - Nov 28


1935 UK For Office rejected King Faisal mediating Palestine dispute believing
            he had aspirations over territory
1947 Iraq’s Foreign Minister Jamail told UN that creation of Israel would lead to unrest
            in Middle East
1958 Shah criticized Iraq for refusing to settle navigation down Shatt al-Arab Pres Qasim
            responded by claiming all of waterway for Iraq
1980 Iran launched Operation Morvarid that destroyed 80% of Iraq’s navy in
Iran-Iraq War
2001 UK intel report Iraq not connected to 9/11 not working with Al Qaeda not
            giving WMD to terrorists Said Iraq WMD threat “slight”
2001 Pentagon officials told Time after Afghanistan US would target Iraq as next step
            in war on terror
2005 Dep Human Rights Min Usayran and Gen Samarriae told Knight Ridder Iraqi
            forces torturing and abusing prisoners

Monday, November 27, 2017

Despite Denials Pro-Iran Hashd Factions Have Crossed Iraqi Border To Fight In Syria


During the spring of 2017 the Hashd al-Shaabi reached the Iraq-Syrian border. Immediately, many of the pro-Iranian factions of the Hashd talked about crossing over to help the Assad government as many already had units doing so on the Syrian side. At the same time, they denied that they would enter the neighboring country without the authorization of the Iraqi government, but some did.